Probiotics have a long history of human use; they are traditionally consumed in several parts of the world.
Interest in probiotics can be attributed to Metchnikoff’s theory of longevity (1910) and in the healthy old age common in Balkan due to the use of yoghurt.
Probiotics are ‘Live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host’ (FAO/WHO).
There are about 20 producing lactic acid probiotic strains across the world , mainly Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria, recognized safe by the FDA
An optimal "balance" in the gut microbial population is associated with good health in humans (Shahani, KM et al, 1980; Gorbach, SL, 1990 Mitsuoka, T; 1988).
This balance of beneficial bacteria versus pathogenic bacteria is necessary for efficient digestion and maximum absorption of nutrients.
This balance is compromised during antibiotic therapy, disease, stress or other factors.
The lactic acid producing organisms (natural inhabitants or “semi-residents” of the gastrointestinal tract) help to restore the natural micro ecological balance.
In the course of their proliferation and survival in the gastrointestinal tract, these probiotics produce metabolites such as lactic acid and bacteriocins (antibiotic-like substances) that suppress the growth of putrefactive microorganisms.
The competition of commensally and probiotic bacteria with pathogens for adhesion and colonization is one of the important protective mechanisms of gastrointestinal tract.
The mechanisms by which probiotics prevent or ameliorate diarrhea are stimulation of the immune system, competition for binding sites on intestinal epithelial cells and elaboration of bacteriocins.
Their metabolic activities help in the pre-digestion of food components and in the production of vitamins B and K.
They also improve the bioavailability of minerals (Wood, BJB ed, 1992) other nutrients (Pham TT, al., 2007)
Probiotics in the gastrointestinal tract could help humans and animals suffering from impaired digestion due to lack or dysfunction of the inherent digestive enzymes, by pre-digesting ingested food components.
This property of probiotics is particularly useful in infant, geriatric and convalescent nutrition.
The major metabolic activities of probiotics include the proteolysis (breakdown of food proteins), the lipolysis (breakdown of food fat) and the conversion of lactose (milk sugar) to lactic acid.
People who suffer from "lactose intolerance" who cannot consume milk and dairy products without experiencing gastrointestinal disturbances are benefited by the lactose-hydrolyzing enzymes supplied by lactic acid producing cultures (Alm, L.; 1982).
The gut contains the biggest lymphoid tissue: it represents 85% of the immunity.
PROBIOTIKOS is in capsules that can be taken with a drink or the capsules can be opened and the powder added to food.
For all these reasons, it is essential to maintain the right balance of microorganisms in the gut : PROBIOTIKOS supplies any kind of good bacteria lake (due to antibiotherapy, illness, stress, impaired natural flora, etc.), maintains the balance of the gut flora or helps to its reconstruction.
The Probiotikos range results of the research of the University of Gembloux, Belgium is commercialized by BDSC.